Sunday, August 18, 2019

Day Yoimie Snippets .... Temurah 23,24,25, 26, 27, 28, & 29

A great opportunity for the entire family, to share some thoughts on the daf ...  the  family feels united by discussing what the head of the house is studying.
I try to break it down so that everyone can understand it .... 
You can copy and print this without my consent, since Torah belongs to all of us..... 

See  previous Daf Yoimie Snippets 

This week's "Daf Yoimie Snippets Sponsored For the Refuah Shliemah of 
צארטל בת אסתר מלכה 

''דף כ''ג ''יהוידע הכהן       
Page 23 Mesectas Temurah
"Yehoyada The High Priest" 

Yehoyada was Kohen Gadol and father of the navi (prophet) Zechariah. 

When King Ahaziah died, Yehoyada’s wife, Yehosheva hid Ahaziah’s infant son Yoash and raised him in secret, until the boy reached age 7. 

Then, Yehoyada crowned Yoash king and served as the boy’s royal advisor. 

Throughout Yehoyada’s life, Yoash acted justly and did what was fitting in the eyes of God.

However, after Yehoyada died, Yoash began to sin. 

When Yehoyada’s son, the navi Zechariah warned Yoash and showed him the error of his ways, Yoash decreed that Zechariah be put to death at the Beit HaMikdash. 

Yoash paid no mind to any of the kindness Zechariah’s father and mother had shown in safeguarding him and ensuring that he be crowned king.

Press "read more" right below to see rest of the dafim

''דף כ''ד ''קדושת עולה        
Page 24 Mesectas Temurah
"Sanctity of a Burnt Offering" 
The Torah states that the bechor (firstborn) of a behaymah tehora (ritually clean animal) is holy, and as such, belongs to the kohanim. 

However, in a special case where an individual consecrated a calf as a Korban Olah (Burnt Offering) before its birth — the holy status of a Korban Olah would apply to that calf before the holiness of the bechor ever took effect. 
Therefore, such an animal would be designated as a Korban Olah and not as a bechor

''דף כ''ה ''עולה או שלמים        
Page 25 Mesectas Temurah
"Burnt Offering or Peace Offering" 
Was it possible for an individual to designate an animal as a Korban Olah (Burnt Offering), but offer that animal as a Korban Shlamim (Peace Offering)?

 Answer: Yes, it is possible.

A person said:
 “I designate the offspring of my pregnant cow as a Korban Olah.” 
Although the owner consecrated their cow’s offspring as a Korban Olah, it is proper for the owner to offer the calf as a Korban Shlamim, if the owner had already consecrated the mother cow as a Korban Shlamim beforehand. 

Such an act automatically designated that cow’s offspring as a Korban Shlamim, since when the mother cow was consecrated, the offspring was still a part of its mother. 

''דף כ''ו '' קרבן עולה וקרבן שלמים        
Page 26 Mesectas Temurah
"Burnt Offering and Peace Offering" 
If a person who sought to consecrate an animal stated: 

“I designate one-half of this animal as a Korban Olah and one-half of this animal as a Korban Shlamim!” the animal may not be offered as a korban

The individual is required to wait until the designated animal becomes blemished, pay to redeem it, and acquire two animals — both a Korban Olah and a Korban Shlamim — using, in part, the money received from the sale of the blemished animal. 

''דף כ''ז '' התלמוד ירושלמי        
Page 27 Mesectas Temurah
"The Jerusalem Talmud " 
Both the Talmud Yerushalmi (Jerusalem Talmud) and the Talmud Bavli (Babylonian Talmud) were composed based on the Sheesha Sidrei Mishnah (Orders of the Mishnah). 

Today, we no longer have Talmudic selections for every masechet (tractate) that makes up the Sheesha Sidrei Mishnah

For example, there is no Seder Kodashim in the Talmud Yerushalmi.

 However, there are indications in the commentary of various Rishonim that they did possess Seder Kodashim from the Talmud Yerushalmi, as proven in the writings of “ChYDA” (Rabbi Chaim Yosef David Azulai). 

''דף כ''ח '' בהמה שהוקצתה לעבודת כוכבים         
Page 28 Mesectas Temurah
"An Animal Designated For Idol Worship " 
The Mishnah teaches the following halacha: 
It is prohibited to offer in the Beit HaMikdash any animal that had been previously set aside for Avodah Zarah (Idol Worship). 

Conversely, it was permissible to consecrate an item worn by such an animal. 
For example, if the animal designated by an idolater for pagan worship was wearing a gold chain around its neck, it was permissible to donate the necklace to the Beit HaMikdash — because idol worshipers were known to set aside animals alone for rituals and not any items worn by their animals.

Reish Lakish taught an important halacha regarding an animal designated for idol worship. He stated that the prohibition against offering animals previously designated for idolatrous worship only applied to an animal designated less than seven years previously. 

Commentators explained the rationale:
 If an animal had not been sacrificed after being set aside for seven years, it was unlikely the owner ever really intended to offer that animal, and therefore, the prohibition against sacrificing such an animal in the Beit HaMikdash ceases to apply. 

''דף כ''ט '' גדעון         
Page 29 Mesectas Temurah
"Gideon " 
Gideon was a military leader, prophet and judge. 

We learn in Sefer Shoftim (the Book of Judges) that during Gideon’s life time, B’nai Yisrael were tormented by the Midianites, after continually sinning against God.

Once, an angel appeared to Gideon and said: 
“God is with you, mighty man of valor. Go out and save Am Yisrael.” 

Later that night, God appeared to Gideon and said:

 “Go to your father’s house and take the cow he has been fattening up for idol worship for seven years. Destroy the altar your father built for idol worship and uproot the asheira (tree associated with idolatrous worship) next to his altar. Then, use the stones from his altar to build a mizbe’ach (altar) for Me. Sacrifice the cow your father fattened up for Avodah Zarah to Me, on the wood from his asheira tree.

The Gemara on this daf relates that one night Gideon destroyed his father’s idolatrous items, God permitted Gideon to perform many prohibited actions. Among them were:

1) Sacrifice a korban (offering) outside of the Mikdash; 2) Offer of a korban at night;

3) Offer of a korban, although he was not a kohen;

4) Offer a korban without using service vessels;

5) Utilize the wood of an asheira tree;

6) Offer an animal previously set aside for idolatry. 

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