Monday, February 4, 2019

Day Yoimie Snippets ... Chullin 61, 62, 63,64,65,66, & 67

Ladies ... here is an opportunity to test your husbands and see if he really goes to the daf....

And its a great opportunity for the entire family, to share thoughts on the daf ... so that the family feels united by discussing what the head of the house is studying.
I try to break it down so that everyone can understand it .... however this particular tractate is abit difficult ... so I'm trying my best...
You can copy and print this without my consent, since Torah belongs to all of us..... 

See  previous Daf Yoimie Snippets 

This week's "Daf Yoimie Snippets Sponsored For the Refuah Shliemah of צארטל בת אסתר מלכה 

"דף ס''א "איך מזהים עוף טהור       
Page 61  Mesectas Chullin  
"How To Identify A Kosher Bird" 

The Torah itself itemizes all of the different species of un-kosher birds.

What should one do if one isn't familiar and cannot recognize the birds that are mentioned in the Torah that are un-kosher and cannot distinguish which birds are kosher?

So the rabbis gave us distinct characteristics of birds so that even a novice could distinguish which birds are kosher and which ones are not. 

For example, a bird that is a predator and consumes its prey alive, is an un-kosher bird.

A bird that eats food thrown in the air is considered a דורס .. a predator and that bird is not kosher.

If we find a bird that doesn't have the characteristics just mentioned, we must then examine it to see if it has any of the kosher characteristics. 

Which are:
(1) An extra finger
(2) A crop, זפק, that is the place where the bird stores what it has eaten before its digested.
(3) And finally, If one can easily peel off the outer membrane of the gizzard without having to use a knife.

Press "read more" immediately below to continue to the rest of the dafim!

"דף ס''ב "תרנגול ותרנגולות       
Page 62 Mesectas Chullin  
"The Swamp Cock and the Swamp Hen" 
Swamp Hen

Rav Papa states the following:

"The "swamp cock" is forbidden because of its doubtful status, but the "swamp hen" is permitted."

It seems that the "swamp cock" is a totally different species than the "swamp hen", and both the "swamp cock" and the "swamp hen" have males and females..... 

According to Rav Papa, both the male and female of a "swamp cock" are forbidden, while the male and female ""swamp hen" are permitted !

"דף ס''ג "ההבדל בין חלב ודבש       
Page 63 Mesectas Chullin  
"The Difference Between Milk & Honey" 
We have a Biblical principle that any bi-product of an un-kosher animal is forbidden from consumption.
Therefore it is understood that an egg of an eagle would be forbidden from consumption since the eagle itself is an un-kosher bird.
Similarly, milk from un-kosher animals are forbidden.

If this in fact so, then why is it that one can eat honey from a bee? 
Bees are considered "sheratzim" and are forbidden from consumption.

There is a difference between honey from a bee and milk from an un-kosher animal.
Camel milk, for example, is a product of the body of the un-kosher camel, and it is therefore forbidden from consumption.
Bees, on the other hand, produce honey, by collecting nectar from flowers, chewing it until it converts to honey.
The honey is not a product of the bees body and it is therefore permitted!

"דף ס''ד "איך לזהות ביצה של עוף טמא       
Page 64 Mesectas Chullin  
"How to Recognize a Kosher Egg " 
How does one distinguish eggs from a kosher bird and a non-kosher bird?

Each egg has two ends, the eggs that we are familiar with, has one end narrow and the other end is wide.

If one goes to the shuk and he sees eggs for sale, he should examine them very carefully.
If he sees that both ends are narrow or both ends are wide, that is a sign that the eggs are from an un-kosher bird. 

If one end is narrow and the other one is wide he can be assured that the eggs are kosher.

"דף ס''ה "פרק שירה       
Page 65 Mesectas Chullin  
"Perek Shira " 

The midrash states that all living things, be they plants, animals, insects and even mountains, lakes and oceans say "shira" (songs or poems) to Hashem!
The midrash even describes the particular  "shira", song, that each individual living object sings!

The Talmud on this daf mentions the "shira" of the ostrich.
Rishonim point out the reason the Talmud mentions this, is because when one sees the different animals and other wondrous creations that Hashem created, he should contemplate what is written for that living object in Perek Shira.
For example, the song of an elephant is:
מה רבו מעשיך ה
"How great are Hashem"s Creations."
Observing an elephant and seeing how large and tall it is, one can only stand back in awe and admiration at this awesome creature.

"דף ס'ו "סנפיר וקשקשים       
Page 66 Mesectas Chullin  
"Fins and Scales " 
The Torah permits the consumption of any fish that has fins and scales.
A fish that has fins but doesn't have scales or fish that have scales but no fins are not kosher, as the verse in Vayikra explicitly states:
את זה תאכלו מכל אשר במים כל אשר לו סנפיר וקשקשת במים בימים ובנחלים אתם תאכלו
"From these that are in water you can eat, those that have fins and scales that are found in water, oceans, and lakes."

The rabbis on this daf established a remarkable principle:
"Every fish that has scales also has fins"
Therefore if one found a piece of fish and cannot recognize from which species it is, he is in doubt whether the fish he found is from a kosher or un-kosher fish; if he finds scales on the skin of the fish, he can go ahead and enjoy the fish, he can rest assured that that piece of fish came from a fish that also had fins.

But if he found a piece of fish that has fins but no scales, he cannot eat that fish, until he gets verification of its origin.
Since finding fins on fish is not proof positive that it had scales as well.

"דף ס'ז "הלויתן       
Page 67 Mesectas Chullin  
"The Leviathan " 
When Hashem will bring Moshiach, may he come speedily in our days, He will prepare a banquet for the righteous, and will feed them from the Leviathan.

How do we know that the Leviathan is a kosher fish?
We deduce this fact from verses in the book of Job, that talks about the Leviathan.

In one particular verse (chapter 41, verse 7):
גאוה אפיקי מגינים סגור חותם צר 
"His pride is in the strength of his shields, their seal is closed tightly"
The Leviathan is boasting about its strong shield, the scales that protect him like a shield, which is closed tightly like armor.

From the above verse we see that the Leviathan has scales.

Furthermore in the same chapter but in verse 22, it states:
תחתיו חדודי חרש
"Under him are pointed shards"
According to Rashi's commentary on Job, it means that the fins of the Leviathan shine brightly and illuminate the seabed below him. It seems that Rashi's explanation of that verse is in accord with our Baraisa.
We see from the above verse that the Leviathan has fins as well.
Can't wait!

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