Sunday, June 30, 2019

Day Yoimie Snippets ... Bechoros Dafim 53 ,54,55,56,57 , 58 & 59

A great opportunity for the entire family, to share some thoughts on the daf ...  the  family feels united by discussing what the head of the house is studying.
I try to break it down so that everyone can understand it .... 
You can copy and print this without my consent, since Torah belongs to all of us..... 

See  previous Daf Yoimie Snippets 

This week's "Daf Yoimie Snippets Sponsored For the Refuah Shliemah of 
צארטל בת אסתר מלכה 

''דף נ''ג ''פרות שהוקדשו לבית המקדש     
Page 53  Mesectas Bechoros  
''Fruit Consecrated to the Beis Ha'Mikdash"
What is the halacha regarding fruits consecrated to the Beis Ha'Mikdash shortly before the Bais Ha'Mikdash got destroyed?

Halacha stipulates that since the Bais Ha'Mikdash was destroyed, nothing could be done with previously consecrated fruits. Such fruit must remain untouched and left to rot, as everyone is forbidden to benefit from the fruit.

Press "read more" right below to see rest of the dafim

''דף נ''ד ''מעשר בהמה     
Page 54  Mesectas Bechoros  

''Tithing of Animals"

When the Bais Ha'Mikdash stood, Jews were required to set aside from their herds Ma'Aser Beheimah (animal Tithe) . One animal of every 10 offspring born into a herd was to be set aside as Ma'aser Behimah.

However, if a person owned two separate herds (in two separate locations) and only nine offspring were born into each herd, the owner is exempt from setting aside any Ma'aser Behimah.

How is it determined whether the animals comprise one large herd or if the animals are considered two separate herds?

the mishna stipulates that if there is a distance of 32 mil (19-22 miles) or more between such herds, then they are considered to be two separate herds. However, if the distance is less than 32 mil, the animals are considered to be one herd.

''דף נ''ה ''היורשים ומצות מעשר בהמה     
Page 54  Mesectas Bechoros  
''Heirs & the Mitzvah of Tithing Animals"
A group of family members got up from sitting "Shivah" for their late father who had passed away after living well into his golden years. 
The siblings looked across the vast ranch their father left them. It was filled with cattle, including a number of pregnant cows. The young heirs pondered over whether they were obligated or exempt from the mitzvah of Ma'aser Behimah...

According to halacha the heirs are in fact exempt!

Why are the heirs exempt from setting aside animal tithes?

Because an owner must designate ma'aser behimah only from animals born while in that owner's possession. Brothers who inherit their father's estate are like purchasers who bought from a previous owner. In this instance, it was the father's, not his children's, obligation to designate ma'aser beheimah.

''דף נ''ו ''ולדות ומעשר בהמה     
Page 56  Mesectas Bechoros  
''Unborn Animals and the Tithing of Animals"
If young animals are purchased, there is no obligation to tithe such animals. 
Nonetheless, Rav Assi said in the name of Rebbe Yochanan that if 10 pregnant animals are purchased, the offspring must be tithed after the 10th one is born.


Because the above exemption only holds true when the purchased animals were available to be tithed at the time of purchase.

In this instance, however, the young animals were only fetuses at the time of purchase and thus unavailable to be tithed.
As such, no exemption from the obligation occurs.
Instead the animas must be tithed.

''דף נ''ז 'עור הבהמה     
Page 57  Mesectas Bechoros  
''Animal Hide"
We learn on this daf that an orphaned calf, i.e., an animal whose mother died while giving birth, is exempt from being set aside for the mitzvah of Ma'aser Behimah.

However, the Talmud teaches that Rebbe Yehoshuah disagreed and stated:
"As long as the mother's hide remains present, and the calf is born alive, then that calf is not considered to have been orphaned during birth, and that baby must be included in the count of ma'aser behimah."

''דף נ''ח ''זמן מצות מעשר בהמה      
Page 58  Mesectas Bechoros  
''The Time Period for Fulfillment of the Animal Tithe"
Chazal designated three dates during the year when all animals born since the previous listed date were gathered for Ma'aser Behimah:

1) 15 days before Pesach;
2) 15 days before Shavuois;
3) 15 days befor Sukkos.

If an individual neglected to set aside tithes from his herd after one of these dates above had passed, that individual was prohibited from selling or performing shechitah on any animal in the herd until after the required tithes had been properly set aside.

Why did Chazal designate three specific dates for separating Ma'aser Behimah?

During the times of the Bais Ha'Mikdash, individuals were extremely strict and made sure not to sell animals from their herds until they has fulfilled Ma'aser Behimah.

To ensure there would be enough animals available to the oleh regel (pilgims) who ascended to Yerushalyim to offer sacrifices in the Bais Ha'Mikdash, Chazal designated specific times to set aside Ma'aser Behimah in the period right before the pilgrimage holidays.

This enabled herd owners to sell large numbers of animals to the pilgrims.

''דף נ''ט ''שמונים ושלושה עגלים     
Page 59 Mesectas Bechoros  
''83 Calves"
One year, 83 calves were born into a certain farmer's herd. The farmer placed all the calves in a cowshed with only one opening. Then, the farmer stood at that opening with a red paintbrush and placed a red marking on every 10th calf, in order to identify those animals as Ma'aser Behimah.

What was the farmer required to do with the last 3 remaining calves?

Since there were only 3 left-over animals and Ma'aser Behimah is set aside only from groups of ten, the farmer was required to safeguard the three remaining animals and combine them with other calves born later on, and at which point the farmer would be able to count those calves to fulfill the Mitzvah of Ma'aser Behimah.

1 comment:

Abe said...

What sect does this miscreant belong to? And what did he find so offensive in that sefer that he had to destroy it?